Copperhead Snakes -Each year, 7,000–8,000 persons are bitten by toxic snakes, according to the Centers for Disease Control. More bites are caused by copperheads than any other poisonous snake.
Bites from a baby copperhead are incredibly painful, yet only around 0.01 percent of bites result in death.
Anti-venom is only needed in a few instances, although problems are most common in children, the elderly, as well as persons with impaired immune systems.
The majority of bites are caused by individuals treading on them or picking them up by mistake.
We’ll show you seven simple methods to recognize this snake, how to properly get rid of it, as well as how to keep it out in your yard in this tutorial.
How To Spot A Copperhead Baby
Venomous snakes are the subject of several urban legends.
The most common misconception is that youngsters can’t control their venom as well as hence bite more than adults. This is untrue!
Since baby copperheads’ venom glands are tiny, they can only carry a little quantity of venom. They are still able to metre poison, which means they can adjust the amount of venom they inject dependent on the size of their victim.
The second misconception is that deadly snakes all have triangular heads.
Pit viper heads are triangular since they need room for their venom glands. Nonvenomous snakes, on the other hand, may imitate this look by flattening their heads as well as lengthening their mouths.
Many snakes, although having perfectly thin heads, are poisonous. The Coral Snake is a nice example. These small snakes are the world’s second deadliest!
We’ve put up a list of seven simple steps to help you identify this snake.
1 . Examine the color of their tail-tips
A brilliant yellow or green tip to the tail of many juvenile copperhead snakes is present at birth.
This vibrant hue is intended to entice as well as draw animals into striking distance. This aids in the discovery of food as well as the rapid growth of newborns.
After a year, its tail will usually become dark brown, as well as in rare instances, black.
2. Look for a pattern of hourglasses
These snakes have a delicate pinkish-tan hue with a striking copper tone on their heads (giving them their name).
Copperheads have a specific pattern that they follow their whole lives.
The hue of their markings is dark brown. Over their spine, the bands are narrow as well as broaden as they reach the sides of the belly. This design resembles black hourglasses when seen from above. It resembles a row of Hershey’s Kiss chocolate chocolates when seen from the side.
White with dark brownish-red markings on the belly.
3. They Have Pits on Their Faces
Pit vipers, like copperheads, are members of the pit viper family.
Between the eye as well as the nose, pit vipers have a pair of heat sensors on each side of their face.
Snakes use their pit glands to detect food as well as maintain their body temperature.
Snakes have notoriously weak vision. Finding prey by motion alone would be very difficult without these glands. They can view the world in infrared thanks to heat sensitivity.
Pits are visible in close-up photographs, but you’ll have to approach quite near to a newborn copperhead to view its pits.
4. Their pupils are vertical (slitted).
The “cat-eye” pupils of most poisonous snakes are well-known.
Unlike nonvenomous snakes, which have circular pupils, poisonous snakes’ pupils are sliced vertically.
Their eyes are brilliant yellow with a small black pupil slit at the middle.
They are best noticed via a photograph, notwithstanding their beauty.
5. Do They Have Keeled Scales?
Snakes have keeled scales, which are elevated scales with a rough texture. A ridge runs through the middle of the scales, forming a raised triangular shape.
Keeled scales are seen on almost all poisonous snakes.
It’s difficult to detect whether a snake’s scales are keeled without touching it.
It is not advisable to try handling poisonous snakes unless you have received sufficient training.
Instead, look for their pattern, tail, as well as other distinguishing traits from afar.
6. Do they have a body type that is both short as well as thick?
This snake, like other poisonous snakes, has a small but robust body.
Copperheads are normally 7–10 inches long as babies as well as 24–36 inches long as adults.
For the first three months, babies are frail. They swiftly grow to as well as have a thick body once they find a consistent food supply.
At 24 inches long, a copperhead may be as thick as the circle created by pressing your pointer as well as thumb together.
7. Keep an eye out for post-vent scutes
Since it is incredibly difficult (and never suggested) to turn a potentially poisonous snake over as well as check its tail, this approach is better left to professionals.
When you turn a snake over, it usually becomes agitated as well as tries to attack.
This is, however, a certain way to see a newborn copperhead.
Scutes are long, straight scales that snakes have on their bellies that aid in mobility.
The scutes after the vent of a nonvenomous snake are separated into two, giving it a “zipper” look. Single, elongated scales extend beyond the vent in poisonous snakes.
Copperheads as well as other snakes are often confused
Snakes are found in abundance in the United States, with over 125 different species. Since they have similar appearances, many people mistake them for copperheads. The following are the most frequent lookalikes:
|Juvenile Eastern Rat Snake||The spine of this species is usually gray as well as black with big markings. Unlike the hourglass pattern in the image above.|
|Juvenile Black Racer||Black Racers in their juvenile stages resemble the eastern rat snake (above). They have a brownish base as well as a deeper gray base.|
|Northern Water Snake||This species can be distinguished by its strong dark spinal stripes and small dark bands towards the belly. Water Snakes may also have fully shattered bands.|
|Eastern Hognose||Hognoses are little snakes with thick bodies that are completely harmless. They come in a range of hues, but unlike the consistent design above, they feature a hectic, irregular pattern.|
|Corn snake||Corn snakes have enormous vertebral patches as well as are often bright orange as well as red in color. Unlike the hourglass above, these patches do not touch the sides of the belly.|
|Juvenile Mole King Snake||Mole Kings have a gray or tan background with dark reddish-brown markings on their spines. They nearly completely brown as they mature.|
You should now be able to recognize this snake as well as avoid confusing it with other snakes.
It’s time to get rid of this snake as well as keep it out of your yard.
How to Get Rid of Baby Copperheads in a Safe Way
What should you do now that you’ve discovered a snake in your yard as well as confirmed it’s a Copperhead?
If it’s towards the edge of your yard, it’ll most likely crawl away without your help. So either keep an eye on things or walk away.
The majority of snakes will be going through.
However, if it has to be relocated or you want to make sure the snake isn’t in your yard, follow the procedures below.
Make Use Of A Hook
If you reside in Copperhead country, investing in snake-handling equipment is a good idea.
This is the safest as well as least dangerous method of dealing with the snake. To establish a “safe zone” between you as well as the snake, your hook should be at least 3 feet long.
To use a hook, take the pointed end as well as carefully push it beneath the young copperhead’s midsection.
Lift the snake swiftly enough to prevent it from slithering away.
Since they are known to be fickle on hooks, gently vibrating the hook may assist them desire to stay on.
To relocate the snake to a new area, place it in a big bucket or tub.
If the snake continues sliding off the hook, a clamp stick may be required.
Alternatively, use a Clamp (Grab) Stick.
Picking up as well as holding a snake using grab sticks is quite successful.
A grab stick is similar to a garbage grabber, only it includes a snake-friendly clasp. A trigger on the handle is attached to a pulley that shuts the clamp.
To pick up the snake, follow these steps:
- Place the clamp’s bottom arm beneath the snake’s body’s center.
- Close the clamp around the snake slowly but firmly.
- Squeezing the clamp too hard or too rapidly might cause the snake’s spine or ribs to shatter.
- After you’ve secured it, you may move it or put it in a bucket for safe transport.
Neither a hook nor a clamp should be used to grip the neck or tail area! Handling a snake in these regions may cause lifelong injury or even death to the spine or neck.
Alternatives to Consider
If you happen to come upon a newborn copperhead in your yard as well as don’t have a hook or a grab stick, there are several other options.
Find a lengthy (3+ feet) item with which to pick up the snake.
The goal is to keep a safe distance from the snake as well as avoid hurting it.
One alternative is to scoop the snake up with a shovel as well as put it in a bucket. This provides enough of room for you to build a safe zone around the snake.
If the snake continues to slither away before you can get it into a bucket, try gently pushing it into an overturned bucket with the shovel. Push the bucket right-side up with the shovel to trap the snake inside.
If the snake is on a smooth surface, you may easily sweep it into a bucket. Create a 3-foot safe zone between yourself as well as the snake once again.
Copperhead Stress Symptoms
When agitated, this snake coils up.
Relocating as well as moving a snake may be a traumatic experience.
When threatened, copperheads may respond in a number of ways.
When you recognize these indicators, you can know whether the snake is about to bite or if it needs a time to calm down:
- They coiled up as well as shook their tail.
- Striking it rich.
- I’m attempting to slip away.
- Mouth breathing or hissing is a kind of mouth breathing.
- Musketeering (releasing a pungent disgusting smelling liquid).
If the snake exhibits any of these characteristics, it is likely to bite. Before attempting to grab the snake again, take a step back as well as allow it time to calm down.
How Do You Keep Copperheads Out Of Your Yard?
Preventing Copperheads from nesting in your yard is the easiest approach to get rid of them.
Snakes like to be unnoticed. The grass is the most significant aspect in keeping them out of your yard.
Snakes feel safer when you let your grass grow.
Most snakes will avoid crossing a lawn that has been mowed on a regular basis. It’s probable that stepping on a deadly snake on the move will wreck your day.
People who encounter snakes in their yards on a regular basis have usually unintentionally provided them with a home by letting their grass to grow.
To make your yard snake-proof, follow these steps:
- Look around the base of your home for any openings they may exploit (they look for cool, dark places to hide during the heat of the day).
- Fill in any gaps or flaws. This will make it impossible for them to build a nest near your house.
- Brush as well as leaves should be raked away.
- When it comes to yardwork, many people overlook shrubs since they tend to disguise the underbrush that gathers underneath them. What is the issue? All of the vegetation makes for an excellent hiding spot.
If you still encounter a lot of snakes after employing these tactics, consider using physical deterrents. Snake fences are the most effective deterrent since they keep the snake out of the yard entirely, albeit they aren’t foolproof.
Commercial traps are usually ineffective, as well as the crushing mechanism may cause serious injury to the snake. These devices are cruel as well as should not be used.
Copperhead bites are not lethal, although they are very painful. It might take weeks for them to recover, as well as anti-venom therapy can be costly.
The greatest approach to avoid being bitten is to avoid being bitten in the first place.
Knowing how to recognize this species can aid you in determining when to take action. Remember to retain your three-foot safe zone if you recognize a snake as a newborn copperhead!
Use safe techniques as well as instruments, such as hooks, grab sticks, or shovels, while trying to remove them.
Be patient with the snake as well as remember that it is just as anxious as you are. Slow movements will assist them in remaining relaxed.
Finally, keep your grass in good shape, remove debris, as well as fill up holes to deter them from nesting in your yard.
Do you believe you can correctly identify this snake? Are you prepared to remove them safely?
Let us know what you think in the comments!